The Sun goes on Vacation: total solar eclipse – April 8, 2024

Total Solar Eclipse: April 8, 2024: Vivax Solutions

The lucky folks along a relatively narrow geographical band, from Mexico
all the way to Canda, are going to witness a rare celestial spectacle on
Monday, April 8 – a total solar eclipse. The path of totality – where people can
witness total darkness – cuts across fifteen US states, before rolling into
Canada in its final mesmerising leg.

In mathematical proportion to the excitement, the enviably famous
American entrepreneurial spirit has already gone into full swing: the hotel
bookings, closer to the path of totality, have gone up exponentially and so have
the prices; in addition, traders lost no time in springing into action in
promoting related merchandise and of course, safety goggles, while implying
that exercising caution before looking heavenward is a virtue, indeed.   

The excitement that borders on ecstasy is perfectly understandable:
astronomical charts show that there will not be another total eclipse for
twenty years that could be viewed from the US; in the United Kingdom, the next
total solar eclipse will only occur in 2090! Of course, there will be partial
solar eclipses at different global locations in the future, but they cannot
instil the same, inexplicable, magical sentiment of a total eclipse.

A solar eclipse occurs when the Moon blocks sunlight from reaching the
Earth, while moving between the star and our planet. Although the Moon passes
across the region in question many times a year, the occurrence of the three
celestial objects being in the same plane is rare – a necessary condition for a
total solar eclipse: since the orbit of the Moon around the earth is slightly
elevated by a few degrees from the orbit of the Earth around the Sun, they do
not frequently line up to trigger off a full solar eclipse.

Up until the age of reason dawned, humanity’s flawed takes on the
eclipses had been evolving, while giving hilarious overtures for the future
generations to ponder.

The Chinese, for instance, thought that a large celestial serpent was
having an unusually large meal, when the Sun went missing all of a sudden, in
the middle of the day during a total solar eclipse. Understandably, they did
what humanly possible on the surface of the Earth in the dark: they beat pots
and pans, frow dawn to dusk, in order to scare off the invisible dragon in
menacingly high pitch – and succeeded in the pursuit, when the Sun came back!

The Vikings, who ruled over the British Isles in the Middle Ages with an
iron fist, once the Romans left, thought that the total solar eclipse was due
to a tug-of-war between the Sun and the Moon. Having recognized that the Moon
being the weaker of the two, they lent their support by chanting and directing
their poisoned spears at the stronger, the Sun. When the total solar eclipse
ended in a very short period of time, the Vikings could not be happier over
their latent strength that stemmed from the cacophony of the noises, eclipsing
the famous pragmatism that they were renowned for.

Perhaps this may have been the real beginning of the notion associated
with the Brits today: supporting the underdogs, be it in cricket, football,
rugby and sometimes, of course, in military conflicts too, but a bit

The Mayans did predict solar eclipses too. Their calendar, however,
ended at a certain point in their defined time, leaving what followed only to
be open to interpretation by the future generations.

Even Sri Lankans, did not fail to make
their own contribution to the annals of history of total solar eclipses: when
the darkness fell all of a sudden on April 8, 1959, forcing animals and birds
into unexpected chaos, some highly ambitious members of the fair sex had been
persuaded to drink a juice made from sweet myrtle, locally known as ‘wada kaha’,
 by questionable medicine men to enhance the
beauty of the vulnerable souls; instead of beautifying the women in question,
they had been forced to make frequent trips on a single day to the hole in the
ground those days, while taking extra measures to hide the embarrassment on
many fronts.

With the arrival of the Age of Reason, the great thinkers managed to
account for the Sun being blocked for a few minutes during a solar eclipse –
finally. Even they, however, could not resist the creation of a bit of drama
associated with the event! They used the term, ‘corona’, believing the
existence of a mysterious glow at the periphery of the Sun, only to be exposed
during a total solar eclipse.

In short, they wanted it to be known as a source of regal connotations –
something that was akin to a crown. 

How Einstein hit the jackpot during a total solar

In 1915, Albert Einstein, who has since become a synonym for human
intelligence, proposed his General Theory of Relativity. Einstein, in his
theory, claimed that the attraction of celestial bodies, such as the Sun and
Earth, was not caused by a force, as described by Sir Isaac Newton in his
famous Law of Gravitation.

According to Newton, the force of attraction between any two objects in
the universe, is dependent of the masses of each object in question and the
distance between them: the greater the mass, the greater the force; the smaller
the distance, the greater the force.

Einstein, however, disputed mathematics involved in the equation and of
course, the theory for that matter.

While kicking up a storm – that later grew into a hurricane in a short
passage of time – or in spacetime, to be more precise – in the scientific
circles – and beyond – he claimed that the attraction of planets towards the
Sun was due to space – spacetime, as he did not refer to space and time in
isolation – being warped around the Sun due to its sheer weight, exactly like
the dip of trampoline when someone is at its centre.

When an object passes close to a heavy object in spacetime, said Einstein,
that the object just ‘falls’ towards the latter by virtue of the bendy
‘curvature’ of spacetime, not due to a force of attraction determined by a
mathematical equation, regardless of its simplicity – F = GMm/d².

Even the intellectual giants of the early 20th century could
not get their heads around the novel concept of space being bent. The existence
of endless mathematical formulae did not help either.

Against this backdrop, the total solar eclipse that occurred on May 29,
2019 came as a bolt from the blue!; it paved the way for the ultimate
verification of Einstein’s untested General Theory of Relativity, taking it off
the hypothetical realm: two expeditions, led by the famous astronomer and
physicist, Arthur Eddington from Cambridge University, were sent to Brazil and an
island off African coast, to study the paths of light from distant stars in the
absence of sunlight during the total solar eclipse in question: three data sets
were collected; two sets were subjected to rigorous analysis by the great minds
at that time, while the third was discarded – that later turned out to be
really controversial – as a catalogue of anomalies.

On November 19, 1919, six months after the total eclipse, Eddington and
the team announced their results that in turn took the world by storm: the
observations were consistent with Einstein’s prediction by the General Theory
of Relativity; light from distant stars did bend while moving closer to the Sun
due to the curvature of spacetime! The measurements were very close, but not

Spacetime warping: 1919 total solar eclipse

Not only did the results confirm the much-needed verification of
Einstein’s new idea of spacetime – and its curvature caused by heavier heavenly
objects – but also elevated Albert Einstein to a social status that is normally
akin to a celebrity, something that exists to date.

Einstein sticking the tongue out

As far as the total eclipse that is going to take place on Monday is
concerned, unlike our ancestors who saw it as bad omen, it is going to be a
springboard for taking a deep dive into the scientific exploration.

Not only is NASA going to stream the event live, but also planning to
fire rockets into the atmosphere in order to probe the potential changes during
the total eclipse. In addition, citizen scientists beyond the path of totality
are encouraged to take photos and share them with peers and of course, on
social media, to see unexpected developments, if any, during the celestial

All in all, the total solar eclipse is going to show us that the
potential of heavenly bodies to surprise us and entertain simultaneously,
despite us being in a better state to grasp the endless wonders that they have
been throwing at us since the dawn of time – spacetime, in honour of the great
man, Albert Einstein.  


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