Lymphoma cancer: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment Options – Credihealth


You may wonder when you encounter sudden weight loss and night sweats. Besides, if you experience swollen glands, including the neck, armpit, etc., these are the warning signs of lymphoma cancer. It is essential to understand what lymphoma cancer is? As it can be a new concept for many people. Lymphoma is a type of cancer discovered in fighting cells of the immune system, i.e., lymphocytes. The cells are present in the spleen, thymus, and lymph nodes. Lymphocytes have no control over the growth of cancerous cells. These wild cells develop in the lymphatic system. 

Why is lymphoma cancer dangerous?

Cancer develops in the lymphatic system and various parts of the lymph glands. Lymphoma is the sixth most common cancer in all types of cancer. It damages the abdomen, throat, esophagus and causes chest pain. Thus, it can be dangerous and need immediate medical attention. 

If you wonder, lymphoma symptoms reveal when the patient feels sudden weight loss, cough, chest pain, and bleeding. Besides, exposure to radiation and various chemicals may cause cancer. 

People who have more consumption of chemicals are more prone to lymphoma cancer. In addition, if you have a weak immune system and exposure to viruses increases cancer risk. 

awareness against lymphoma cancer

Causes

There is no denial that lymphoma is a severe condition. However, people get confused regarding the cause of cancer unless and until they visit for a consultation. Thus, the following are the causes that may reveal the cancer symptoms:

  • Family history or member who has the same type of cancer
  • Weak immune system due to HIV/AIDS or coronary heart defect
  • Children with Leukemia or been infected with a virus such as hepatitis C
  • Exposed to extremely high levels of radiation or patients who were treated with radiation therapy.
  • Exposure to chemicals such as benzene or pesticides kills bugs and weeds.
  • A patient who recently had an organ transplant and has a weak immune system

How is lymphoma cancer diagnosed?

In the initial stage, lymphoma cancer reveals symptoms of Leukemia. Thus, people tend to get confused. Hence, the doctor will ask to run a few tests which are helpful to diagnose the condition:

  1. PET scan: A PET scan helps diagnose the lymph nodes. It produces 3D colored images which show the spread of lymphoma in the body. In addition, a PET scan highlights the affected areas in the body. 
  2. MRI scan: The doctor will suggest running an MRI, which helps check the brain or spinal cord. It happens that cancer starts affecting other organs in the body. Thus, an MRI scan helps in revealing affected areas.
  3. Bone marrow biopsy: Bone marrow is more prone to be affected by the lymphocytes. Thus a biopsy is helpful for the same. In addition, the biopsy helps to check whether cancer has spread throughout the body. 
  4. Gland biopsy: The gland biopsy is the most critical test every cancer patient has to go through. In this biopsy, the lymph nodes are diagnosed to find the affected parts. 
  5. CT scan: Apart from a PET scan and MRI, the doctor may ask to run a CT scan. It also helps in taking computed tomography photos of the internal organs.

Top 3 treatment options for Lymphoma Cancer

An oncologist or Haematologist is a doctor who treats and diagnoses lymphoma conditions. The expert can treat the conditions through mediums, including medication, surgeries, and therapies. In addition, the doctor will examine and design the treatment plan as per the diagnosed reports. Following are the three treatments options you can expect:

  1. Medications:

During the initial stage, the doctor will provide medication according to the conditions. Then, the expert will segregate the medicines according to the consumption, dosage, and schedule. Thus, it is essential to follow the necessary instructions given by the doctor. 

When you are diagnosed with lymphoma cancer, do not take over-the-counter medicines. Instead, remember to take medications that the medical expert prescribes.

  1. Therapies:

Therapies are the most efficient way to treat any cancer. It has a high successful recovery rate and acts as a non-surgical treatment. The therapies target the cancerous cells and help in destroying their DNA. Following are the therapies you can expect during the treatment:

  • Chemotherapy

    Specific drugs are used to kill cancer cells. First, the patient consumes the pill or takes an injection of the anesthetic. Next, the medicine aims to flow through the bloodstream and reach up to veins. After this, the drugs target the cancerous cells and kill their DNA.

  • Immunotherapy

    – If you have low immunity, then it will be challenging to fight against cancer. Hence, the doctor will offer immunotherapy. It helps in boosting strength and immune power. 

  • Targeted Drug Therapy

    – It is different from chemotherapy. In drug therapy, a patient is given targeted drugs to kill the cancerous cells. The drugs are more efficient than chemotherapy. 

  • Radiation Therapy

    – It is one of the common treatments given to cancer patients. The radiation waves aim to stop the cancerous cells in an instant. 

  1. Surgery Options

The oncologist is the doctor who will perform surgery. Besides, an oncologist also teams up with a Haematologist to treat blood cancer. The doctor will decide the type of surgery depending upon the condition of the lymph nodes. 

The best surgical treatment for lymphoma is Stem Cell Transplantation. During the treatment, stem cells are collected from bone marrow, umbilical cord, and peripheral blood. Then, the doctor will transplant these stem cells into the bone marrow.  The stem cell generates new blood cells.

Hodgkin’s  Vs. Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma

Hodgkin’s and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma both are types of lymphoma. Cancer initiates from a subset of white blood cells known as lymphocytes. White blood cells contribute to protecting you from germs. 

Both types of cancer develop in the lymphatic system. However, the critical difference is that the tumor is developed in different lymphocytes. It is set in lymph, lymph vessels, nodes, spleen, tonsils, and bone marrow.  

An abnormal cell such as Reed-Sternberg is detected, then it is categorized as Hodgkin Lymphoma. Besides, abnormal cells such as B-cells are the lymphatic system then it is termed Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma. The symptoms of both typologies are similar, which include swelling around the neck and night sweats. 

Lymphoma Cancer Survival Rate

As we know, lymphoma cancer is a type of blood cancer. The survival rate in this type of cancer is more than 80%. However, multiple factors decide the survival rate. Therefore, once the symptoms appear, the patient shall be given immediate treatment. 

The success rate in lymphoma depends upon the stage of the disease. However, with proper therapies, medications, and surgery, the success rate is 90%. It is because there are almost four stages of cancer. When the patient is in 9the 4th stage, then cancer has been spread to multiple organs. 

Advance treatment is beneficial for the final stage of cancer. The success rate decreases as the stage of cancer progression. Thus, it is essential to take immediate treatment for the same. Credihealth allows you to get the complete treatment for Lymphoma Cancer.  

Final Thoughts- 

Cancer develops in the lymphatic system. Therefore, the oncologist will offer therapies, medications, and surgery options for the treatment. Besides, Stem Cell Transplantation is one of the effective ways to treat this type of blood cancer. Further, lymphoma has two categories, including Hodgkin’s and non-Hodgkin’s.

The symptoms of cancer rarely appear in the initial stage. However, if you witness any warning signs in the beginning, then seek immediate treatment.  Besides, a healthy diet, active lifestyle is always fruitful for better health.



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