Caring for Adult Children with Mental Illness: How to Help

Sept. 27, 2023 — George Kaufmann, an 81-year-old retiree from California, has been dealing with his son’s mental illness for close to 30 years.

His son, Patrick, 48, had his first psychotic episode at 19, Kaufmann said. He’d previously dealt with depression, suicidal ideation and drug use, ““but things came to a head at that point.”

Like many people with severe mental illness, Patrick lacked insight into his condition. “Despite his dangerous behaviors, he didn’t realize he had any type of problem,” Kaufmann said. 

The only way Kaufmann and his wife were able to get help for their son was by getting a court order to have him treated involuntarily. Patrick’s first experience with the mental health system was being dragged out of the house in handcuffs.

The difficulties the Kaufmanns’ have experienced is not unique. New research is showing that caring for a loved one with a mental illness exacts a tremendous toll. 

“Needless to say, this didn’t get his relationship with mental health providers off to a good start. What followed was a rocky period of about 8 to 10 years, where he had a series of involuntary hospitalizations because he was a threat to himself and others.” Kaufman said. 

During that time, Patrick was assigned to an intensive case management program called ACT (assertive community treatment). The program consists of psychiatrists, nurses, therapist, and case managers, who work as a team to provide holistic care. 

Although he attended the program, he usually refused to take medication unless the court ordered it. But the staff didn’t give up and eventually, Patrick decided to accept treatment. 

Patrick’s care team got him into a residential program for people with dual diagnosis (mental illness and substance abuse). After becoming clean, sober, and regularly taking his medications, he was able to start living independently. He got certified as a peer specialist, working as an employment counselor for youth with first-episode psychosis at the same provider where he’d received services.

‘Exhausting’ Burden

Kaufmann described difficulties he and his wife faced dealing with an adult child with mental illness. “As parents and family members, we got frustrated. We didn’t know what to do,” he said. “We didn’t have experience dealing with mental illness. We repeatedly did stuff that didn’t work or made things worse.”

Ken Duckworth, MD, chief medical officer of the National Alliance on Mental Illness, agrees that being a caregiver to an adult child with mental illness is one of the most difficult things a parent can face. “Parents are confused and afraid,” he said.

The burden can be overwhelming, says Barbara S, a mother from New York whose 36-year-old daughter has bipolar disorder. Barbara’s daughter moved in with her after a manic episode and hospitalization, during which she lost her home, her employment, and most of her friends.

Barbara, who asked that her name not be used to protect her daughter’s privacy, said, “I was enjoying the freedom that comes with having grown-up kids who left the nest. Now, I’m involved with day-to-day details of my daughter’s life, as if she were a younger child—like medical appointments, safety planning, and helping her find work—while trying to juggle my own work so I can keep a roof over our heads. It’s exhausting.”

A recent study evaluates the impact on the mental health and quality of life of family members who care for a mentally ill person at home. Researchers in Lebanon studied 600 caregivers who completed a questionnaire about their quality of life and wellbeing.

Caregivers of family members with mental illness had higher levels of stress, depression, anxiety, sleep disturbances, and work fatigue as well as lower quality of life, compared to caregivers of family members without mental illness. 

The researchers note that their findings align with those of previous studies suggesting that caregivers of family members with schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and dementia experience more stresses, anxiety, and depression, compared to caregivers of people with other chronic illnesses.

‘You Are Not Alone’

One of the most common feelings that parents of adult children with mental illness face is the sense that no one understands what they’re going through, Duckworth said. They feel lost, not knowing where to turn for practical and emotional support.

To address these concerns, Duckworth wrote the book, You Are Not Alone: The NAMI Guide to Navigating Mental Health—With Advice from Experts and Wisdom from Real Individuals and Families. The book encompasses a spectrum of mental illness-related topics, including diagnoses, navigating the health care system, insurance questions, co-occurring substance abuse, suicide, and helping family members who don’t believe they need help. Beyond professional advice from experts, it contains first-person accounts of 130 people with mental illness who shared their stories. 

Duckworth encourages parents to attend the National Alliance on Mental Illness Family-to-Family program — an 8-week group run by family members of people with mental illness — which offers education about topics such as effective communication, self-care, compassionate support of one’s family member, and locating resources. People can share what they’re going through and find emotional support.

Kaufmann, whose story was told in the book You Are Not Alone, went to his first meeting of the group 25 years ago.

“We had no idea there’s a whole community of people out there who’ve had similar experiences,” he said. “In the meeting, we made statements we thought people would regard as strange or off-putting about our son and our reactions to his illness. Instead, people said, ‘Yeah, we went through the same thing’ and shared how they dealt with it.” Now, Kaufmann is a certified teacher of Family-to-Family classes.

No One-Size-Fits-All Approach

“There’s no one-size-fits-all,” Duckworth said. Strategies that work for one patient or family may not work for another. 

For example, one of the most challenging aspects of dealing with mental illness in loved ones is lack of awareness on their part that they’re ill. Patrick is an example. “He thought he was fine and we, his parents, were the ‘crazy’ ones,” Kaufmann said.

This condition, called anosognosia, affects as many as 40% of people with bipolar disorder and 50% of people with schizophrenia (as well as other conditions) and is responsible for many patients refusing to take medication or discontinuing once they’ve started.

Parents often need to use whatever works to “find ways to get the person to accept treatment,” Duckworth said.

For example, Barbara’s daughter stopped taking medication when she got home from the hospital because she “didn’t like how the meds made her feel and she thought she didn’t need them anymore,” Barbara said.

Barbara “bribed” her daughter to resume medication by promising to take her on a trip to Europe. “I told her we’d travel together when she’d been on medication for 6 months and I’d buy the tickets when she’d been on medication for 1 month.”

Duckworth shared the story of a man with schizophrenia whose mother had a different approach. She made taking medication a condition for her son to live in her home. The son had enough awareness to know that he didn’t want to be homeless, so he agreed.

Letting Them Find Their Own Way

It’s often necessary to be “hands-on” with a person with mental illness and offer practical assistance beyond what’s usually appropriate for most adults. Duckworth notes that this approach is sometimes discouraged by the 12-step philosophy of Alcoholics Anonymous and similar groups, which teach that a person is the “agent” of their own recovery. Parents are thought to be “enabling” their child’s illness if they provide concrete assistance after the child has lost a job or home, for example, due to his/her own behavior and choices. 

But that approach isn’t necessarily applicable to individuals with severe mental illness, who might not have the capability to be accountable for their behavior. 

But trying to force a child into recovery won’t necessarily work either, Kaufmann said. “We realized that by making treatment acceptance the focus, we were pushing Patrick away. We weren’t giving him the space he needed to make his own decisions and he felt ‘stifled’ by us.” Patrick became more open to treatment when his parents stopped pushing for it.

And once he started taking medication, “he let me know he didn’t like it when we harped on whether he had remembered to take his meds today,” Kaufmann continued. “We found that the best thing to do was to back off let him have his own struggle if necessary. After years of banging our heads against the wall, we needed to try something new, and we couldn’t do something for him that he needed to do for himself, no matter how impaired he was by his illness,” he said.

When Patrick decided to return to college, Kaufmann initially had reservations. By this time, Patrick was married, and Kaufmann thought the stress of school, together with his responsibilities as a spouse and father, could be dangerously overwhelming. But it turned out to be a good decision. “Even if you see flaws in your child’s decision, they may need to try it out for themselves in order to learn. The more space you can give them, the better. But that’s the hardest thing you can do as a parent, and it never gets easier.”

Keepers of Light and Hope

Patients sometimes have relapses, which happened to Patrick after many years of stability. This was a reminder to Kaufmann that mental illnesses are “lifelong, and ‘recovery’ doesn’t mean ‘cure,’ although treatment does work, and recovery is possible.” Fortunately, Patrick has stabilized and is recovering from his episode.

“Recovery isn’t linear, and it’s a journey rather than a destination,” Kaufmann said. 

“The hardest thing for us to accept as parents is that we can’t control the outcome of our child’s life,” Kaufmann said. “We want to keep our kids alive, but our worst fears sometimes happen. That’s not because of something parents did or didn’t do. It’s because of the illness itself.”

He added, “Even though there’s much we can’t do, we can give unconditional love—which doesn’t mean approval of their behavior all the time—and we can try to be the keeper of the light and the keeper of hope.” 

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5 family favourite comfort food recipes perfect for autumn – Healthista

Sunday Times Best Selling Author of What Mummy Makes, Rebecca Wilson, shares her top 5 comfort food recipes that the whole family will love this Autumn

With picky eaters or ‘feed the food to the dog under the table’ kiddos, it can be quite difficult to find the perfect meal that keeps the whole family happy.

In fact, even when you find a meal everyone loves, putting the same one on repeat might feel a bit like groundhog day.

We asked Rebecca Wilson to share her favourite recipes from her books Family Comforts and Fast Family Food that will be perfect for the colder months that are quickly approaching.

Here are her top picks…

Recipe #1 Chickpea and Butternut Squash Dahl

A hearty vegan meal, creamy in texture and full of protein and goodness from the lentils and chickpeas, making it well balanced and nutritious for all the family.

The dahl will keep for 3 days in the fridge, or freeze for 3 months. Reheat in a saucepan or in the microwave until bubbling and piping hot throughout.

Serves 2 adults, 3 littles
Prep 5 mins
Slow Cook 3- 8 hours, freezable

  • 1 butternut squash, peeled and cut into 2cm (¾in) dice
  • 1 x 400g (14oz) can chickpeas in water
  • 300g (10½oz) dried red lentils, rinsed
  • 2 low-salt vegetable stock cubes* (gluten-free, if necessary)
  • 1 tbsp garam masala
  • 1 tbsp mild curry powder
  • a good grinding of black pepper
  • 2 heaped tsp driedmixed herbs
  • 2 tsp smoked paprika
  • 1 x 400g (14oz) can coconut milk
  • 1 x 400g (14oz) can chopped tomatoes
  • 1 brown onion, finely diced
  • 2 garlic cloves, grated

1. Put all of the ingredients, including the water from the can of chickpeas, into the slow cooker, along with 350ml (12fl oz) of boiling water. Give it a really good stir and put the lid on.

2. Cook on HIGH for 3–4 hours or LOW for 6–8 hours.

3. Once done, use a wooden spoon or rubber spatula to give the dahl a really good stir and mash the soft butternut squash into the sauce a little.

4. Serve the dahl with rice or naan breads, or even as a pasta sauce. Adults, you may want to season your portion with a little salt or even a dash of chilli sauce, if you like.

Recipe #2 Bolognese Polenta Bake


A cosy warming dish to huddle around on a cold autumnal day. Rich Bolognese ragu is topped with a firm, cheesy polenta topping.

Leftovers will keep for 2 days in the fridge, or 3 months in the freezer. Reheat in the oven until piping hot.

Serves 2 adults, 3 littles
Prep 25 mins
Bake 25 mins, freezable

  • 1 tsp garlic-infused oil
  • 500g (1lb 2oz) lean beef or lamb mince
  • 1 brown onion, grated or finely diced
  • 2 large garlic cloves, finely grated
  • 500g (1lb 2oz) tomato passata (strained tomatoes)
  • 1 low-salt beef stock cube*
  • 2 tsp dried mixed herbs
  • 2 tbsp Worcestershire sauce* (optional)
  • 2 tsp smoked paprika
  • 1 tsp sugar (optional)
  • freshly ground black pepper
For the polenta topping:
  • 1 low-salt chicken stock cube*
  • 1 litre (35fl oz) milk*
  • 180g (6¼oz) fine polenta (cornmeal)
  • 30g (1oz) unsalted butter*
  • 100g (3½oz) smoked Cheddar cheese*, grated
  • 2 tbsp breadcrumbs*

*can substitute depending on dietary requirements


1. Preheat the oven to 200ºC fan (220ºC/425ºF/Gas 7).

2. Heat the oil in a large frying pan, add the mince and fry for 3 minutes, breaking it into small pieces with a spatula as you go.

3. Add the onion and continue to cook for another 3 minutes. Once the meat has browned all over, add the garlic and tomato passata.

4. Fill the empty passata tin or carton a quarter full and swill the water around to catch as much tomato as you can, then add that to the pan too.

5. Crumble in the beef stock cube and add the mixed herbs, Worcestershire sauce, if using, smoked paprika, sugar, if using, and a little black pepper. Stir and allow the sauce to bubble away while you make the polenta.

6. Crumble the chicken stock cube into a large saucepan, add the milk and allow it to come up to a simmer. Meanwhile, measure the polenta into a mug.

7. Once the milk is just starting to show little bubbles, with a whisk in one hand and the polenta in another, sprinkle in the polenta while whisking continuously to avoid lumps forming. Allow it to cook for around 5 minutes, stirring often, until it thickens to a very thick creamy porridge.

8. Remove the polenta from the heat, add the butter and two thirds of the cheese and stir to melt them into the polenta. You can now serve this alongside your mince Bolognese, but it’s even tastier if you combine the two and bake it in the oven.

9. Pour the Bolognese into a large baking dish large enough to fit it all in with a little space left above for the polenta. Dollop spoonfuls of the polenta on top, leaving some little gaps between each spoonful to let the sauce come up and bubble around it.

10. Place the dish on a large baking tray to catch any tomato splatters, sprinkle over the remaining cheese and the breadcrumbs, and finish with another good grinding of black pepper. Bake in the oven for 20–25 minutes until the polenta has set and there is a delicious golden crust.

11. Serve with steamed or boiled green veg.

Recipe #3 Cinnamon Apple Toast


This tastes like a delicious cinnamon Danish pastry, but one that you can make in 10 minutes. If you have a big family, make a double batch – you won’t regret it.

These toasts are best served fresh, however leftovers will keep for up to 24 hours. Enjoy cold or reheat in a hot oven for 5 minutes until piping hot throughout.

Makes 4 pieces
Prep 5 mins
Cook 5-6 minutes

  • 4 thick slices of fresh soft bread*
  • 60g (1 ⁄4 cup) unsalted butter, softened*
  • 1 x 90g (31 ⁄4oz) pouch of apple purée (see note)
  • 1 tbsp light soft brown sugar (optional)
  • 2 tsp ground cinnamon
Note: If you can’t find apple purée pouches, any fruit flavour will work. Just ensure it is unsweetened 100% fruit, definitely with no added cereals. Alternatively, a small mashed banana also works.

1. Preheat the grill to high.

2. Meanwhile, make the topping. Place the butter in a small bowl, ensuring it is soft enough to mix with the other ingredients. In winter, my kitchen stays too cold for butter to soften at room temperature, so I like to cube it, put it in a bowl, cover and heat on LOW for 30–40 seconds in the microwave until just soft – just be careful not to let it melt completely.

3. Add the apple purée, sugar, if using, and cinnamon. Stir well to combine using a tablespoon. Don’t worry if the mixture looks slightly separated right now, it will be completely fine.

4. Once the toast is done, spread a quarter of the butter mixture over each slice, using the back of your tablespoon to ensure you have an even layer and the mixture reaches right to the edges.

5. Place all the toast on a large baking tray and heat under the preheated grill for around 5 minutes, until the exposed bread edges have browned, and the cinnamon butter is bubbling on top.

6. It will be hot when it first comes out of the grill, so wait a few moments for the toast to slightly cool, then cut into quarters, or finger strips for little ones to enjoy.

Recipe #4 Lamb and Tomato Hot Pot


With succulent lamb and tender veg in a rich tomato sauce topped with crispy scalloped potatoes, this is a real one-pot wonder! The minimal washing up is such a bonus.

Leftovers will keep for up to 2 days in the fridge. Reheat in a hot oven for approx. 15–20 minutes or in a microwave on HIGH for a few minutes or until piping hot.

You can also freeze cooled leftovers in an airtight container, defrosting them thoroughly before reheating as above.

Serves 2 adults, 3 littles
Prep 10 mins
Bake 1 hour, freezable

  • 500g (1lb 2oz) lean minced (ground) lamb
  • 1 brown onion
  • 3 large carrots
  • 2 low-salt beef or chicken stock cubes*
  • 1 tbsp Worcestershire sauce*
  • 2 tbsp tomato purée (paste)
  • 2 tsp garlic paste
  • 2 tbsp cornflour (cornstarch)
  • 500g (1lb 2oz) passata (strained tomatoes)
  • 2 tsp dried mixed herbs
  • 3–4 large all-rounder potatoes, washed
  • 2 tsp garlic-infused oil, plus extra if needed

1. Preheat the oven to 180°C fan (200°C/400°F/Gas 6) and put the kettle on to boil.

2. Place a large casserole pot on the hob over a high heat to heat up. Add the lamb mince and let it cook for 1 minute without touching while you dice the onion. Now, break up the mince using a wooden spoon and add the onion, stirring it in. If your mince is very lean and looks like it is sticking, then add a drizzle of garlic oil.

3. Let the meat cook while you peel the carrots and cut them into chunks. Turn your attention back to the pot and crumble in the stock cubes, add the Worcestershire sauce, tomato purée, garlic paste and cornflour. Cook, stirring, for 1 minute, then add the chopped carrots, passata and mixed herbs.

4. Stir well, then top the pot up with boiling water out of the kettle to reach about 1–2cm (1 ⁄2–3 ⁄4in) over everything. The amount of water you need really depends on the size of your pot, so play it by ear. Try not to add too much water, though, as the potatoes on top will sink down below the sauce once baked, which is not a bad thing taste-wise, but it won’t look as pretty.

5. Stir well and allow it to bubble while you slice the potatoes into 0.5cm (1 ⁄4in) thick rounds – don’t worry about peeling them to save time. Scrape the bottom of the pot with your wooden spoon to loosen any stuck-on bits, then take the pot off the heat to add the potatoes.

6. Layer the sliced potatoes over the top of the pot carefully, as the sauce will be hot. Try to overlap them a little to give a pretty design, then drizzle over a little garlic oil to help the potatoes crisp up. If you’re using a narrow, deep pot, your potatoes may sink into the sauce, so in this case just add an extra layer or two of sliced potatoes on top.

7. Pop the dish in the preheated oven, uncovered, for 1 hour to bake. Allow to stand for 5 minutes before serving, and take care as it will be really hot! If there’s a little bit of lamb fat sitting on the top of the potatoes or around the edge of the pot, use a spoon to gently skim this away before serving.

8. Serve as is, with a little veg on the side – savoy cabbage works perfectly.

Recipe #5 Tomato and Spinach Fish Stew


When I think of slow cooker meals, fish doesn’t usually come to mind. However, this dish gives you soft and flaky delicate fish in a rich, flavourful tomato and spinach sauce.

As a bonus, this recipe calls for frozen fish cooked straight from the freezer, which is such an easy and economical way of adding fish to our diet.

This dish is best served fresh, however, if you have any leftovers, these will keep for up to 24 hours in the fridge. To reheat, place in an ovenproof dish, cover with foil and heat in a hot oven for 10–15 minutes until piping hot throughout.

You can also freeze any leftovers for up to 1 month. Defrost in the fridge and then reheat as above.

No slow cooker? Cook the tomato sauce in a large, high-sided frying pan with a lid on for at least 30 minutes over a medium heat on the hob – the longer the better really.

When the sauce is done, add the fish and cook for a further 15 minutes or until the fish is piping hot throughout.

Serves 2 adults, 2 littles
Prep 5 mins
Cook 3- 7 hours, freezable

  • 500g (1lb 2oz) crushed tomatoes or passata (strained tomatoes)
  • 8 cubes of chopped frozen spinach
  • 1 x 400g (14oz) can of coconut milk
  • 2 tsp sweet paprika
  • 2 tsp smoked paprika
  • 1 tsp dried mixed herbs
  • 2 tsp garlic granules OR 2 garlic cloves, minced
  • 2 tbsp tomato purée (paste)
  • 1 tsp sugar (optional)
  • 1 low-salt chicken or vegetable stock cube*, crumbled
  • 4–6 frozen skinless and boneless large white fish fillets, e.g. haddock, bass, pollock or cod

1. Add the crushed tomatoes or passata to the slow cooker pot along with the frozen spinach, coconut milk, sweet and smoked paprika, dried herbs, garlic granules or fresh garlic, tomato purée, sugar, if using, and crumbled stock cube. Give it all a really good stir so that there are no lumps apart from the frozen spinach, which will defrost as it cooks. Pop the lid on and cook on HIGH for 3 hours or on LOW for 5–6 hours.

2. Give the sauce another good stir so that any small lumps of stock cube that have melted during cooking are distributed evenly through the sauce.

3. Take the fish out of the freezer and add the frozen fillets to the sauce. Stir and make sure each fillet is submerged in the sauce, then put the lid back on and cook for a further 30–40 minutes on HIGH or 50–60 minutes on LOW, or until the fish flakes easily, as this will tell you that it’s done. To double check, lift up one fish fillet gently using a fish slice, then gently flake it in half at its thickest point. Place your finger on the white fish flesh inside, if it’s too hot to keep your finger there for a few seconds, then it’s done. If it feels just lukewarm, you need to cook it for another 10–20 minutes until piping hot.

4. Serve alongside some rice to soak up the sauce or crusty bread for dipping.

Both Family Comforts and Fast Family Foods with more recipes like these can be purchased for £18.99 at or are available on Amazon. 

Follow Rebecca Wilson on Instagram at @RebeccaWilsonFood or find more recipes online at

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Robots Are Taking Over Your Surgery (and You Should Be Excited)

Sept. 26, 2023 – On her flight to Atlanta, Robin Pollack nibbled gummy bears and sipped a cranberry juice cocktail. It had been a week since she’d gotten robotic surgery to remove a cancerous stomach tumor at MD Anderson Cancer Center in Houston, and she was heading home – feeling surprisingly good.

The surgery required five small cuts. “I now have four little dots and a 2-inch slit that he superglued shut,” Pollack said. “After surgery, I woke up hungry.”

She was out of bed and walking in a day, and out and about town with her husband within a week, enjoying crème brûlée and eggs Florentine.

“I have not had one bit of pain since,” she said 2 weeks after surgery. “I have not taken pain medication, not even one Tylenol. I walked 2 miles yesterday.”

A better post-operative quality of life is one perk of robotic surgery, said surgical oncologist Naruhiko Ikoma, MD, who performed Pollack’s procedure. 

There are pluses for the surgeon, as well. “I feel more precise in terms of dissection and in suturing,” said Ikoma. “In conventional open operations, surgeons use instruments. … In robotic surgery, surgeons feel like they’re operating with their own fingers with precise tips.”

Robotic surgery, or robot-assisted surgery, is more than 20 years old, but experts believe it is now poised for growth. Propelling the technology forward are the very advantages that Pollack and Ikoma describe: improved accuracy, shorter recovery times, and less pain. 

About 644,000 robotic surgeries were performed in the United States in 2021, and that figure is expected to approach 1 million by 2028. Millions more have taken place worldwide. The global market hit $6.3 billion in 2022 and is projected to reach $26.8 billion in 10 years.

Robot-assisted devices are FDA-cleared across many specialties. For prostate removals and hysterectomies, the use of surgical robots is now more common than not. It’s also rapidly growing in bariatric surgery and hernia repair, and has increased steadily in hip and knee replacements. Several surgical teams have pioneered robot-assisted kidney transplants, and recently the Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis reported the first robotic liver transplant in the U.S.

The most widely used robotic system in the U.S. is Intuitive Surgical’s da Vinci. The FDA first approved a da Vinci in 2000 and has cleared newer models since then. Today, more than 7,500 da Vinci surgical systems are in use in 69 countries across six continents. 

Dozens of other companies have entered the game. Advances in materials science are driving soft, flexible designs that can navigate winding pathways or operate on some of the body’s most delicate tissues. 

Auris Health’s Monarch, a flexible robotic endoscopic system, enters through the mouth into the trachea and bronchial passages to examine potentially cancerous tissue in the lungs. The platform recently earned a urological clearance for kidney stone removal. Other flexible robots enter the rectum and travel through intestines, as for colonoscopy. Still others snake through the nose to reach the brain, or the thigh’s femoral vein to get to the heart. 

An upgrade of Stryker’s Mako robot, currently used for hip and knee replacements, will enable its use in spine and shoulder surgery and could launch as early as next year. (The doctors interviewed for this article are not promoting or endorsing any products mentioned.) 

Meanwhile, artificial intelligence, or AI, is letting researchers and developers make robots more autonomous, capable of performing surgical subtasks or even entire surgical procedures.

“It is an exciting time,” said Michael Yip, PhD, an associate professor of electrical and computer engineering, and director of the Advanced Robotics and Controls Laboratory, at the University of California San Diego. “The diversity of robotic technologies is really widening exponentially.”

Benefits for Patients

Data shows that robotic surgery can help reduce bleeding, scarring, and recovery time, and it allows for shorter hospital stays, compared to traditional surgery. 

One of the most striking benefits: Many patients, like Pollack, do not need opioids – or any painkillers, for that matter. That’s remarkable when you consider the norm. 

For kidney transplant, “it’s 100% narcotic use after an open transplant,” said Thomas Pshak, MD, a robotic kidney and liver transplant surgeon at UCHealth University of Colorado Hospital. Open surgery patients go home with as much as a week’s supply of opioids, and sometimes need morphine or oxycodone in an IV after surgery.

Robotic surgery patients heal much faster, returning to work and normal activities within a few weeks, vs. the recommended 8 weeks after open kidney transplant. 

“A painless kidney transplant seems like science fiction, but here we are,” Pshak said.

He uses a da Vinci surgical robot system with four slender arms, each about the size of a pencil, that hold surgical instruments and a high-definition camera. During surgery, he sits at a computer console a few feet away, looking through binoculars that provide a highly magnified 3D view of the operation site. With both hands on joystick-type controls, he guides the arms into the cuts to perform “delicate, precise movements,” such as suturing the new kidney to blood vessels. Foot pedals engage and disengage the robot arms. 

Pshak performed UCHealths first robotic kidney transplant in 2021 and has done more than a dozen since then, and even more donor kidney removals, using the robot. With robotic kidney transplant, “the biggest incision is about 2 inches, near the bellybutton,” he said. For context, a traditional open kidney transplant involves a 10- to 12-inch cut.

Robotics may improve access to surgery as well. One-third of patients waiting for a donated kidney have body mass indexes over 35. The higher BMI can mean longer, deeper cuts, increasing the risk of complications and negative outcomes. The less invasive robotic procedure could make kidney transplant possible for these patients.

Benefits for Doctors

In a sense, robotics give surgeons superhuman skills. The robot can correct for any tremor in the surgeons hand and lets a surgeon view hard-to-see creases, moving the camera and small tools into places the human hand can’t reach.

“I can set the [robot] arm movements to move at one-tenth of my normal hand movement,” Pshak said. “That just allows for some insane accuracy.”

In spinal surgery, robotics minimize the misplacement of a screw. That means “a lower revision rate – having to go back and remove and replace a misplaced screw,” said Mohamad Bydon, MD, a neurosurgeon and clinician-scientist at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, MN, where they’ve been performing robotic neurosurgeries since 2018.

Bydon was the lead author of a study in Mayo Clinic Proceedings that reported that out of 402 screws placed in 77 patients who had robot-assisted spinal surgery, none had to be redone after surgery.

Other advantages, Bydon noted, include the ability to map out the surgery in advance, and sub-millimeter accuracy around a patient’s nerves and spinal cord. “It preserves muscles, tendons, and ligaments,” he said.

Corey Walker, MD, is a neurosurgeon at Cedars-Sinai in Los Angeles who performed minimally invasive robotic back surgery on a high school football player last year after the player fractured his spine in three spots. The robots collect data that is fed back into AI algorithms to improve planning and accuracy. “The robot is not just giving us a technical advantage,” Walker noted, “but also a data advantage.”

After surgery, the football player was back to normal activities and training again within weeks instead of the usual 6 months.

With younger patients, Walker said, it’s important to preserve their longevity and avoid injury to the muscles surrounding the spine. Robotic procedures “leave as little of a footprint on the structure of the spine as possible.”

Robotic Surgery: What Patients and Doctors Should Know

In the United States, academic medical institutions and hospitals have developed their own credentialing paths. Many robotic surgeons train in conventional surgical techniques and later move into robotic procedures, taking web-based and in-person courses with equipment manufacturers, practicing on sample tissues, in virtual reality simulations, and on inanimate objects (like picking up small items or peeling tape from a surface). 

Some surgeons and medical centers offer robotic training for those outside their institution. At the Ohio State University College of Medicine, interested surgeons from around the world can visit, observing existing and emerging robotic procedures for $500 a day. 

“The biggest challenge with robotics is that it is so automated, it sometimes takes away from the residents’ ability to learn the anatomy,” Walker said. “Our challenge is to still be able to teach residents the anatomy and to not become reliant on the technology.”

Patients should look into a hospital’s history with robotics and ask how many procedures their institution and surgeon have performed, as Pollack did before her surgery. Not all surgeries are suitable for robotics; patients and surgeons should discuss pros and cons.


Robotic surgery is not without controversy. A 2021 review of 50 randomized trials comparing robot-assisted surgeries with laparoscopy and/or open surgery for belly or pelvic surgery found little difference in outcomes. 

Some older studies suggest risks or potentially worse outcomes for some procedures. In 2018, a New England Journal of Medicine multicenter study led by MD Anderson Cancer Center researchers reported that, in women with early cervical cancer, laparoscopic or robotic minimally invasive radical hysterectomy was linked to lower rates of disease-free survival and overall survival, when compared to open abdominal radical hysterectomy. And in 2021, the FDA cautioned against robotically assisted surgical device use for mastectomy.

Still, scores of other recent studies back up robot-assisted surgery’s benefits.

One drawback: It’s not available everywhere. “You have to be at a place that is willing to invest in it and that believes in it as a technology,” Walker said. 

For certain specialties, the high cost (the da Vinci’s price tag is reported to be $2 million) may not outweigh the return on investment, Yip said , stalling growth.

According to Francis Sutter, DO, chief of cardiac surgery at Lankenau Medical Center, part of Main Line Health, and a longtime robotic surgeon, the number of robotic heart surgeries has fallen in the past 10 years. 

“There’s not a market for it,” he said. “I hope there will be more interest from cardiac surgeons in the years ahead.”

What’s Next?

Semi-autonomous devices that perform surgical tasks – like holding a clamp in place or removing damaged tissues – could start to emerge clinically in the next 10 years, Yip said. 

Like a self-driving car, they use sensors to localize with respect to anatomy and map the environment.

Someday, we may see fully autonomous robots capable of performing an entire procedure. At Johns Hopkins last year, surgeons tested a new robotic technology called Smart Tissue Autonomous Robot (STAR) that visualizes and plans its next surgical move almost in real time. They successfully practiced with it in four experiments, sewing together pig intestines, tissue that’s soft, pliable, and difficult to operate on.

For hemorrhage control, Yip said, “the computer recognizes blood and will immediately try to suck up the blood, find the source, and clamp it.” Such robots could be airdropped during, say, natural disasters to stabilize injured people. The technology could also open the door to remote “telesurgery.”

Still, fears that robots will replace surgeons altogether are inflated, experts say. For the foreseeable future, robots will enhance the work of the surgeon, not replace it, Bydon, of the Mayo Clinic, said. 

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My mental health journey – JSHealth

I have always been open about my mental health in the hope others will feel less alone with their own battle. I really believe that the more we share, the more healing can take place for all. We are always stronger together.

About 4 years ago, I was diagnosed with anxiety and Pure O, OCD (which can be described as OCD of the mind, where you want to keep your thoughts ‘clean’). I started experiencing really scary intrusive thoughts that they now think were a result of a personal loss and trauma – causing my brain to head into a ‘fear response’.

In retrospect though, I think I always struggled with anxiety that would sit in different areas of my life while growing up. I am grateful to be able to have a diagnosis that has ultimately allowed me to seek the very specific help I needed.

I am also an extreme perfectionist, which causes me to place huge pressure on myself, worsening the related anxiety itself. 

I can be grateful for my perfectionism, which has played a role in how I show up in various aspects of my life, such as my career and my zest to live a full life. However, there are times that this little meanie inside (that my hubby and I have named Ursula  – haha) can really wreck some days. This is when the perfectionist in me takes the form of my anxiety.

When I was given my diagnosis, it was around the time I lost my best friend to her own struggles with mental health. There is almost nothing more shattering and explosive to anxiety, than losing someone you love to mental illness. She had always shown immense appreciation for my openness and honesty, and had asked us to continue to share her story in the hope it would help others. So, I continue to share this with the comfort that she would be so grateful for those of us who share our struggles that ultimately can help so many people. Knowing we are never alone. Love, care and support are here for you.

I would say the past 4 years have probably been the most transformative of my life.

What I want to remind everyone of is this:

You can still live an amazing life alongside anxiety. And that there IS help, you just need to find the right help.

But also, it is a journey that does not really have a perfect ending line. It can also be your greatest teacher and the very thing that strengthens your inner core to live a seriously special, meaningful and beautiful life.

As we know, there is nothing more grounding and humbling than being in the face of anxiety. It has to date been the very thing that has allowed me to realise and feel what truly matters in my own life.

So as the journey goes, I’m learning to sit with imperfection. I’m learning to surrender to uncertainty. 

The hustling anxious perfectionist in me has kept me in fight or flight mode most of my life. As I said, my racing and intense mind has had lots of positives and negatives. The positives: it allows me to laser focus and achieve, and work really hard. As my team will agree, it keeps me relentless. It also allows me to give my loved ones and life my all. I am ALL in, and my standards for myself are high. It has also allowed me to be an ambitious dreamer and create and manifest the life I had always hoped for.

The negatives: Sometimes these standards I place on myself are too high which results in painful amounts of pressure. At its worst, when the anxiety sets in or when my deep fear of uncertainty raises its ugly head – everything can all feel very scary, consumingly painful, all encompassing. It takes over and pulls me right down to believe that I am simply not good enough – in anything that I do. Literally.

The gift of therapy (mostly the last 4 years) has taught me to live alongside imperfection, anxiety and uncertainty… and actually has invited me to immerse in these emotions, rather than fight them off. 

It’s that act of surrendering to the imperfection, anxiety and uncertainty that brings true and long lasting peace of mind. I did not know how to do that either, trust me!

It’s honestly freedom, however it takes time and ongoing work to get there.

In reflection, I’ve always struggled with surrendering to uncertainty, which causes the actual anxiety for me. My thoughts keep me dizzy with finding that certainty of knowing everything in my precious life will be protected. On top of that, my perfectionist type nature yells at me not to have any of these thoughts all together. 

My father in law taught me: “The racing thoughts are like a rocking chair Jess… keeps you busy but unfortunately doesn’t get you anywhere.” 

My therapist’s favourite hand gesture to me when my anxiety is trying to keep me in its forceful grip… “hands up Jess” – meaning we can’t know it will all be ok, we have to surrender to the anxiety of uncertainty. It’s this letting go that takes away its power. Though it’s the last thing my anxiety often wants to do, the hands up approach really did lead me to peace. 

What I learnt through the right CBT based therapy is that it’s best not to feed those anxious, perfectionist or fear based thoughts… OR fight them. Rather, I needed to choose to live alongside them without a fear based reaction. This literally builds new pathways in our brains (the research is outstanding) and teaches our mind to calm down, in turn allowing your nervous system to drop. Suddenly your brain starts feeling safer over time. It’s very challenging at the start, but became a habit that changed my life. 

Also, un-attaching to the meaning of our thoughts (that the brain literally just spits out that are usually fear based) is also key. Learning to manage our thoughts without letting them overtake your mind and body, is what I call a beautiful peaceful life. I hope to always know how to come back to this way of life should my OCD or anxiety rear its head. Truthfully, I’m proud of myself for getting closer and closer to this place, because it’s bringing me more joy and peace than I’ve had probably my whole life. And, if you are struggling, I share this to give you that hope too. I still have really hard days, but I have the tools in my box to know how to sit with it, and let it wash over me, and emerge on the other side.

I also knew I needed to do this inner work before having kids. Though having done the work doesn’t mean I don’t have anxious thoughts. Imperfect anxious thoughts come up throughout the day, but how I react to them now prevents them spiraling to dark places. I am the one in control of my mind. 

I wanted to write this as a reminder, that for some of us it is not as natural to have a quiet mind, calm and non-anxious brain. You can still learn to live an amazing life alongside that powerful mind, however it’s wired, but you don’t have to suffer through mental illness alone. And do not forget – it is often that anxiety that shapes a lot of the blessings in our lives.

This is life… beautiful, painful, calm, chaotic, hard, easy, amazing. It’s ultimately imperfect – but unfortunately the new world of social media doesn’t allow us to see that. Some days will be good, and others will be harder. Either way, we will always be okay if we surround ourselves with love and connection, and get the help we need on our mental health journeys.

Finally, it’s important to identify with our challenges, but also our strengths. Our challenges ultimately become our strengths as we navigate through them. So, there is no need to wish them away.

Love and care,

J x

My Top Resources:

I have personally been in CBT and ERP therapy for obsessive/anxiety based thoughts if you want to research more: 

  • Treat my OCD – Regaining your life from OCD 
  • My favourite podcast is OCD Stories where you can hear from top mental health experts.
  • Medication: I do take prescription SSRI based medication + a collection of research-backed vitamins and botanicals that have been shown to support mental wellbeing. Always make sure you seek the help of a well-trained psychiatrist before starting any medication.

What is PURE O OCD? Read more here: 

If you or anyone you know is struggling right now, please reach out to someone or call:

  • Lifeline for 24 hour crisis support on 13 11 14 (AUS)
  • You can also call 1-800-985-5990 or text “TalkWithUs” to 66746 (USA)
  • Text word ‘SHOUT’ to 85258 (UK)

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5 Ways Protein Collagen Bars Support A Glowing Complexion – You Must Get Healthy

Collagen is often touted as the elixir of youth and beauty, appearing in everything from skincare products to dietary supplements. Protein collagen bars, for instance, have gained massive popularity as a convenient way to consume this vital protein. This article aims to shed light on how incorporating collagen into your diet—specifically through collagen snack bars—can scientifically impact your skin’s health and appearance.

What is Collagen?

Collagen is a protein found abundantly in the human body, specifically in connective tissues like skin, bones, and ligaments. In skin, it acts as a supportive framework, giving your complexion its youthful firmness and bounce. As a critical component of the skin’s structure, it’s no surprise that collagen has gained attention in both the beauty and wellness industries.

Collagen Depletion Over Time

Unfortunately, your skin’s collagen production decreases as you age, contributing to a host of issues like fine lines, wrinkles, and sagging skin. By the age of 25, this decline becomes more noticeable, and by the time you hit your 40s, you may see a significant drop. Numerous studies confirm this decrease in collagen synthesis, associating it with visible signs of aging.

Benefits of Collagen-Rich Foods

You might wonder how effective it is to consume collagen through your diet. Fortunately, scientific research supports the notion that collagen from food is broken down into amino acids in your digestive system. These amino acids can then be utilized to produce new collagen in your body. While collagen comes in various forms, food supplements like the best collagen bars offer a practical and delicious way to include this protein in your diet.

How Collagen Bars Enhance Skin

After understanding what collagen is and how it depletes over time, it’s crucial to delve into how supplementing with collagen can positively affect your skin. This section will explore the science-backed ways in which snacking on protein collagen bars can lead to a visibly healthier and more radiant complexion.

  • Hydration Boost – One key feature of youthful skin is its ability to hold moisture. Collagen plays a pivotal role in maintaining the skin’s natural barrier and its hydration. According to scientific studies, those who consumed collagen saw a significant improvement in skin hydration compared to a control group. When you snack on protein collagen bars, you’re not just satiating your hunger; you’re also potentially improving your skin’s moisture retention capabilities.
  • Improved Skin Elasticity – Collagen’s role extends beyond simple hydration; it also contributes to your skin’s elasticity. Several research studies have demonstrated an increase in skin elasticity following collagen supplementation. Thus, munching on the best collagen protein bars could be a convenient way to help maintain your skin’s youthful flexibility.
  • Wrinkle and Line Reduction – Another sign of aging is the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. These occur due to the gradual decrease in collagen, leading to less support for your skin structure. Studies show that consuming collagen can visibly reduce the depth of wrinkles and fine lines. So, the next time you reach for a collagen snack bar, remember that you’re also potentially investing in smoother skin.
  • Promotes Skin Cell Regeneration – Healthy skin is constantly regenerating, shedding old cells to make way for the new. Collagen is instrumental in supporting this cellular turnover. Recent research indicates that collagen supplementation can accelerate healing and promote new tissue growth. This science backs up the claim that eating collagen-rich foods like protein collagen bars could contribute to quicker skin cell regeneration.
  • Protection Against Environmental Aggressors – Your skin is constantly exposed to environmental pollutants and harmful UV rays. Collagen acts as a kind of shield, offering some level of protection. Some studies suggest that collagen can even mitigate the damage caused by these external factors. Consuming collagen-rich foods, therefore, offers not just cosmetic benefits but also protective ones.

The Collagen Mechanism

Once we’ve grasped the myriad benefits of collagen, it’s equally important to understand how exactly this protein works in the body to produce these effects. In this section, we’ll dive into the biochemical processes behind collagen synthesis and how it gets incorporated into the skin’s structure.

Synthesis Process

While the benefits of collagen are impressive, understanding how it works can be equally enlightening. Collagen synthesis is a complex biochemical process involving various enzymes and compounds. Once synthesized, it becomes a part of your skin’s extracellular matrix, where it performs its various roles in maintaining skin health and appearance.

Role of Collagen Peptides

Collagen can come in different forms, including collagen peptides, which are smaller, easier-to-digest particles. Research shows that these peptides are absorbed more efficiently and can stimulate collagen production in the skin more effectively. So, when you’re choosing between the best collagen bars, you may want to consider those that contain collagen peptides for maximum effectiveness.

Intriguing Facts and Additional Studies

Collagen isn’t just for your skin; it also benefits your hair, nails, and even your joints. It’s a multi-tasking protein that wears many hats when it comes to your overall wellness. In addition to the well-known studies we’ve mentioned, emerging research is continually unveiling new ways collagen can benefit the human body. For instance, some studies suggest that collagen may even play a role in gut health.

Including collagen in your diet, especially through convenient sources like collagen protein bars, offers a host of potential benefits for your skin, from increased hydration to anti-aging effects. Although collagen is not a magical cure-all, scientific evidence does suggest that it can be a helpful ally in maintaining your skin’s youthful appearance. Combine this with a balanced diet and a proper skincare routine, and you have a solid recipe for radiance.

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How can one scratch fever be treated – Credihealth Blog | Credihealth

Cat stretch fever is an uncommon bacterial infection that you can get from a cat scratch. For a wound free from conditions, cats having bacterial infections can cause cat scratch diseases and symptoms, including dash or bumps on the skin. Sometimes, there can be notes and fever, but cat’s disease usually goes away in a few weeks or months.

The most common symptoms of fever or infections from cat scratches are rash or a blister under your skin. You can often notice pain for several weeks, but it can improve after some time. In this case, what can scratch fever causes symptoms and treatments of the same. This blog will examine cat scratch fever’s causes, symptoms, and treatments.

What is fever or infection from cat scratch?

This fever causes the lymph nodes to swell, which may result in fever.

This can also be when you have cat scratches all over your legs and on their body; a scratch-catch scratch fever disease is relatively uncommon, with only 12000 people diagnosed yearly in the US.

However, there can be some severe cases of cat scratch disease that really cause serious illnesses, and usually, all complications from the cat scratch disease result in hospitalization.

Are cat scratch fever severe?

About 500 people in the US are most at risk in fresh conditions each year. Still, the characteristic of the disease causes severe illnesses and usually goes away on its complications from the cat scratch fever.

Hospitalization can be required in 5-minute people one year who are at risk of scratch disease, but it is most common in children under the age of 15 if you have HIV or anything else, we can system you are at higher risk and severe complications of cat scratch fever.

How does cat scratch fever spread?

The cat scratch fever can spread when the cat has blood infections from the bacteria without the symptoms for months. This can spread to other humans, and these function contact with the then open home like a scratch. Getting it directly could give you these infections, but this is not the case, so you must be careful to prevent the disease.

What are the symptoms and causes of cat scratch fever?

The symptoms of the cat scratch disease start from 3 to 10 days. After the cat scratches, fever can include bumps or cysts under the skin. Swelling of the lymph nodes can also be seen in case of cat scratch fever. This can also cause muscle bone or joint pain, loss of appetite, weight gain, and fatigue.

The causes of cat scratch fever can be infection from the hands, allowing bacteria to cause catfish disease. If a cat scratches its legs and opens, it can be infected with this bacteria. In this form of physical examination, you will look at notable symptoms that can be taken from sample tests for the bacteria that causes the same and, in some cases, cat scratch fever.

How is the fever treated?

Since infections from cat scratch usually goes away on its own. Treatment is usually to help you with the symptoms. Some of the antibiotics like Azithromycin help in getting rid of the bacteria. This is usually only if you have compressed the immune system or the system has gone away within a few months.

If you want to manage the infections of cat scratch fever, then you should take over-the-counter medications. There will be compression when you try to lift you can have very large or pink-colored marks on the skin. The skin can feel softer when you try getting the skin touched. The health care provider can help in the drainage of the same.

If you want to prevent fever, then you should not be around the cat.

There are a few simple things that you can do to prevent it will be better to avoid cat fights for scratches. Wash your hands often and after playing with the cat. Upper packing them should be forbidden keep your cats on the ground and ask them to obey rules to help reduce the risk by not petting or picking up the straight at the kittens it will be better to come to notches and do not let them like your scratches how to protect that from your system it will be better to get get the infection altogether.

How long does a cat scratch fever last?

The main duration of cat scratch fever is from 2 to 8 weeks. These are usually resolved independently, but some complications can arise from the same can be skin inflammation around the scratch.

Suppose there is common muscle or joint or chest pain and night sweats. This can be a lifetime condition where your liver can also become sore. A state with the part of the eye that is conclusive and inflamed or red due to the left nodes in the eye.

There can also be no inflammation and complications of the cat scratch fever, problems with the brain function including confusion, severe headache, and sometimes you need to rest to recover from the condition.

 How to take care of yourself when a cat scratches you?

If a cat has scratched you, clean the wound and keep it clean. And if it has any signs of infections or if it experiences symptoms of cat scratch fever. Your health care providers then it will be better to get in touch with a healthcare provider. You can get diagnosed with an infection from a cat scratch that is not healing by the red area that can last more than two days.

When should I go to the doctor?

You should go to the doctor if your symptoms of the infection are not healing. This can lead to the spread of the diseases to the other parts. Suppose you have a very high fever, confusion, or several headaches that feel short or regular. In that case, it is highly recommended that you contact a professional.


Bacterial infections cause cat scratch fever, which can be seen in other cases, mainly if the keys are in people with an immuno-compromised system. It will be better to get in touch with the doctor if you have a cat scratch fever and if there is a development of a lymph node in the body.

It usually happens when the bite on a scratch is being taken by a cat who has been infected with a virus, so it will be better to get to the doctor if you are having very high fever, confusion, headache, etc., and in case they are not healing it will be better to get in touch with a doctor.

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How do You Get Rid of Lines in the Neck? | Credihealth

Some necklines will always be there. The extent of your neckline and the other side of the agent’s skin can be determined by genetics. Sometimes, wrinkles can make you feel conscious about your skin and face. They can also make you aware when you want less or glass-like skin around your neck. There can be different reasons for the development of skin in the neck. Many products and lifestyle changes, like adapting to better available food options, can reduce the appearance of necklines. Keep reading this blog to understand what causes necklines and how to make them disappear.

How to get rid of the lines on the neck?

Some of the remedies that you can use to prevent necklines and getting rid of the necklines are-

1. Exposure to the sun-

  • The neck is often a forgotten body part that requires a regular SPF supply on the face.

  • It would be best if you noticed the channel; it can prevent it from getting sunscreen protection.

  • Use SPF protection as per your skin’s need and opt for higher concentration because that can help deal with the sunlight better and more effectively.

2. Genetics-

  • Genetics significantly affects how and when your skin will be forever. You can slow the signs of necklines by moisturizing, preventing snowmaking, and wearing sunscreen.

  • You can also focus on using Genetics to reduce the presence of the neckline and slow aging. Genetics will most determine our aging patterns.

3. Try vitamin C-

  • Vitamin C has ended the oxidant properties that are great for the skin.

  • Certain studies have shown that Vitamin C and Vitamin D can reverse some of the damage caused by rise and other environmental factors by activating free radicals.

  • Wrinkle reduction in the study was observed at 12 weeks, so taking with the seated for at least three months.

4. Smoking-

  • Smoking is one of the causes of aging. Blood vessels are restricted, so the skin gets less Oxygen and will Look Older and have more wrinkles.

  • Smoking causes significantly more wrinkles than those who do not smoke. Even if you currently smoke, some chances of quitting can help.

  • This can rejuvenate yourself as you will look younger than 13 years old. Girl, if you currently smoke, talk to your healthcare provider about a smoking program to help you put

5. Apply some anti-aging ingredients-

  • One of the most studied and celebrated anti-aging ingredients, some products can have a higher percentage of more than two people of the rat in noil is the highest available without a product description.

  • It is best to start with a small amount every few days; otherwise, the ingredients cause extreme dryness and feeling.

  • With more than five forms of retinol, it is good to talk to your healthcare provider about which one is right for you.

6. Moisturize-

  • Many are that this some moisture some moisturizing specifically for the science Also, that is reducing Horizontal necklines.

  • It is important to apply some moisturizer when you are leaving your home.

  • This will help in getting rid of the necklines around the neck. Using moisturizer when stepping out in the sun is crucial as it can help prevent sun penetration into the skin.

7. Getting Botox injections-

  • After receiving injections, more and more people are turning to the net. Both can bring back the science of agents and wrinkles associated with a text neck or a phone.

  • Studies have shown that both of them can relieve chronic neck pain, but the type of liner tops toxin injections, which is a cosmetic procedure and Works By blocking the chemical signals from the nose that tell no search to contract.

  • This makes the skin appear to last about 3 to 5 months depending on 13 factors like age and skin elasticity.

8. Hydration-

  • Drinking water and having enough water retention in the body is important in dealing with the necklines.

  • If you have seen the skin of people with proper hydration, you will know that they have clean and clear skin because they care for their skin with proper hydration.

  • Hydration is a crucial factor in regulating the electrolytes in the body and can also help with fluid retention.

9. Laser Therapy-

  • Laser therapy tries to activate the skin cells and help in removing the skin lines directly.

  • This procedure occurs in different sessions, but you have to communicate what you want from the session. Laser therapy is one of the easiest but expensive treatments for necklines.

10. Microneedling-

  • Microneedling is the process that results in using microinjections like needles being inserted into the skin. This can help remove the extra cells that become combined, resulting in the formation of necklines.

  • It is a fairly new procedure that has come into the picture recently but is becoming quite popular.

How do we reduce and prevent necklines?

Here are some tips to prevent necklines-

  1. When using your phone, try positioning it in front of the face and looking straight forward. It may feel odd at first, but in this life, we can prevent necklines for me.

  2. There is not much science to say that works, but talking to people directly can improve the skin appearance texture and reduce the look of the fine lines.

  3. Many of the products available in the market claim to resolve the issue of wrinkles in the neckline, but it needs to be evident, or no research has been published, that using any of these brands can reduce the appearance of neckline or neck wrinkles.

  4. It can be fruitful to massage the neck a few times every day, which can also help reduce the appearance of necklines.

  5. When caring for the necklines, you should use sun protection and moisturization to prevent the necklines or wrinkles.


Necklines and wrinkles are very common. They are partly caused by skin losing its elasticity and being exposed to light over time. You may also notice premature wrinkles from repeatedly looking down on your phone and habits like smoking or not using sunscreen over the neck. Many moisturizers in the market can replace the need to use sunscreen, but it is advisable to use it.

Fillers and botoxes are more invasive procedures that can also temporarily correct fine lines, but disadvantages are associated with these fillers and botox. If you are looking for both, you should get into a dermatologist, who can better suggest ways to deal with fillers and botox.

Frequently Asked Questions

Is arm liposuction a good idea?

Yes, you can be bothered by the amount of fat in the arms, which can help get arm liposuction.

How do you prepare for liposuctions?

You can prepare for liposuction by quitting smoking, avoiding drinking, and consuming certain medications.

Can liposuction Hurt after the treatment?

Liposuction can be an experience of cosmetic surgery to help the patients get rid of swelling and redness after surgery.

Can liposuction result in loose skin?

If you have good skin elasticity, getting liposuction on the arms can leave the skin loose.

Can liposuction on the arm hurt?

When done by a professional, qualified, and experienced surgeon, the liposuction on the arm can result in getting hurt.

Bishwajeet Singh

Written by

Bishwajeet Singh

Health Blog Editor



Aug 2023

426 posts

Bishwajeet Singh is an experienced medical content specialist specializing in creating easy-to-understand health and medicine information.

His expertise lies in diverse health domains, including general wellness, nutrition, and preventive care. He brings a wealth of insights, promoting health understanding through her writing.View Profile

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Colonics: Process and Benefits of Colon Hydrotherapy | Credihealth

The colonic is where more water is flushed out of the colon, the most essential part of the largest intestines. This procedure is known as colonic irrigation: hydration on colon plans. Some believe colonics can help prevent disease and improve oral health, but we have a rough idea that exposing the body to settlements can harm your health. In short, Colonics, or colon hydrotherapy, is a procedure that involves flushing the colon with water to remove waste and toxins. In this article, we will look at what a Colonic is, whether it works or not, what the reserves can you expect, and it’s benefits. It also explains how to manage potential complications that can arise from a colonic.

How is the colonic procedure started?

It is a procedure formed by a certified medical professional known as the hydro therapist. It is an effective technique to flush out toxins from the body. It is typically a 45-minute session where the process is explained to the patient beforehand, and they are supposed to sign a disclosure agreement stating that they want the design for the facial processor. You will need to ask them entirely about the account while you are lying on your side for the treatment and also ask for any complications that can arise from the same.

Also Read: Colonoscopy FAQ

Why should one get a colonic procedure done?

People often get the colonic processor done to prevent patients from removing toxins from the body.

  • This process can be good for their overall health and the performance of their health.

  • This can be done by promoting constipation, blocking the absorption of water and nutrients, harmful bacteria, and nicotine in the colon, and leveling the absorption of toxins into the bloodstream.

  • Still, you now have a scientific procedure every day to help clear the constipation and toxins from the body.

Also Read: Differences between Cologuard vs colonoscopy

What is the process of colonization?

A medical professional performs the colonic process, and these steps in the Colony require you to be in the correct position.

  1. That therapist will then insert a disposable nozzle into the anus, which is obtained and attached to a long possible plastic sheet host connected to the hydrotherapy unit machine.

  2. When the hydro therapist unit pushes a large amount of water into the colon, it is back into the tube when disposed of on the concealed unit; around 16 water balance is used in the therapist.

  3. You can observe the contents as they are released into the intestines and comment on the color or consistency after the session.

  4.  You are required to pass any residual water and stools. The therapist can slightly massage the area so you do not feel anything.

  5. It is important to be relaxed during the entire session as that can help deal with the smooth working of the entire session. You should ask other patients for tips if you need help with the colonic procedure.

Also Read: Is Colonoscopy Painful?

What are the benefits of Colonics?

Here are some potential benefits associated with colonics, as reported by proponents:

1. Improved Digestive Health

One of the primary benefits of colon hydrotherapy is its positive impact on digestive health. It helps remove built-up waste and fecal matter from the colon, potentially reducing the risk of constipation and promoting regular bowel movements.

2. Detoxification

Colonics can assist the body in eliminating accumulated toxins and harmful substances. By flushing out these toxins, individuals may experience increased energy levels and improved overall well-being.

Also Read: What to eat after a colonoscopy?

3. Weight Management

Some individuals turn to colon hydrotherapy as a complementary approach to weight management. A clean colon may aid in better nutrient absorption and metabolism, potentially supporting weight loss efforts. Thus, if you want to control your weight, you can consult a doctor for colonics.

4. Relief from Bloating and Gas

Colonics can relieve bloating and excessive gas by removing trapped gas pockets and promoting a healthier balance of gut bacteria. If you have concerns about bloating and gas, colonics can benefit you.

Also Read: Duration of a Colonoscopy Procedure: What to Expect?

5. Enhanced Nutrient Absorption

With a cleaner colon, the absorption of essential nutrients, vitamins, and minerals from the diet may become more efficient, benefiting overall health.

6. Skin Clarity

After colon hydrotherapy, some people say their skin looks better, and they experience fewer skin problems like pimples or redness. They believe this happens because the therapy helps remove bad things from their body. This can make their skin feel clearer and healthier. While some people find these benefits, it’s important to remember that not everyone’s body reacts the same way to colonics, so results may vary.

Also Read: 6 Ways To Say ‘Goodbye’ To Those Ugly Pimples

7. Mental Clarity

The connection between gut health and mental well-being is well-established. A clean colon can contribute to improved mental clarity and mood.

What are the steps to be considered after colonics?

Colonics can cause dehydration and lead to electrolyte imbalance; avoid crafting and alcohol for several days until your average balance is restored. Ensure you are using a residue tube, which is recommended to give your digestive system a rest. This includes eating soft foods like apple source, mashed potatoes, white rice, and chicken and avoiding hard-to-digest foods like nuts and grains.

Also Read: The 5 Best Homemade Electrolyte Drinks for Replenishing Your Body

Who should avoid a Colonic procedure?

Colonic hydrotherapy discourages people who have certain conditions. Some of the conditions can cause intestinal bleeding. You should know information about getting a Colony if you have also written about a collie’s diverticular disease causing vascular diseases, challenging diseases, intestinal cancer, and other conditions related to the small intestines.

What are the potential side effects?

The following are the possible side effects of colonic processor, which include nausea, light Hadid cramping, bloating, diarrhea, and vomiting are also possible causes of. Some severe complications involve electrolyte imbalance, which can harm heart conditions, kidney stones, rectal injury, and fish tears. There is much evidence that a Colony Cantt strips mucus naturally occurring by tea and protects the cell from infection. By clearing these, you may be increasing your risk of world infections.


Colonic is a technique that allows the body to absorb nutrients with the help of infusion techniques that develop better intestinal leverages. This helps in reducing constipation and removing the bowels in a much faster and more efficient manner. Doctors use This standard procedure to relieve constipation that has extended to a severe level. Though this procedure can help deal with constipation, it is recommended to get this done only when required, as it can irritate the intestines and other parts of the body.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is a colonic procedure?

A colonic involves using large amounts of water to flush waste out of the colon.

What is the colonic part of the intestines?

Proponents of colon cleansing believe that toxins in the gastrointestinal tracts can cause a variety of health problems such as arthritis and higher blood procedure.

What are the effects of colonic on the body?

Not only are medical studies supposed to show the benefits of cleaning the colon, but the procedure comes with risks.

Is the colonic a painful condition?

After the purge of water wastes, the water will again be filled until you feel the urge to push it out.

Why is colonic pain?

There is no exact timing, but they said the hydrotherapy will wash away the waste material in the colon.

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Do Tums Help With Acid Reflux? | Credihealth

Tums is a popular heartburn medication that is used to treat acid reflux. Not only acid refluxes it can also be remarkable in practical terms when used against gas. The situation will become better once you get eight-term varieties. One of them can be chewed or taken orally to relieve gas.

None of the other medication works against both gas and bloating, but tums are typically recommended. If you are having excessive bloating or gas pain, then over-the-counter medications, product home remedies and lifestyle changes can be provided as alternate solutions for acid reflux. In this blog, we will look at tums helping in acid refluxes.

How are tums effective in acid refluxes?

  1. The active ingredient in tums is calcium carbonate, it elevates the gas release by reducing the surface tension of the bubbles, breaking them apart and making gas easier to pass with blanching or flatulence.

  2. This tum also has anti-bloating properties since gas and hydrogen can occur together and may have some problems. Tums can be used with gas relief and also contain calcium carbonate.

  3. The Counter production of gas relief has multiple reasons, including the foods and the beverages you eat and drink. In some instances, the gas route can determine the treatment that will be most beneficial.

  4. For example, if you are lactose intolerant, treat the underlying cause of the lactose restriction and take in OTC medication that contains lactose on the neutral natural enzyme that reduces gas and bloating by reducing the production of gas.

What is an Acid Reflux, and how can tums help with acid reflux?

Acid reflux is the term given to the reverse movement of the acid in the stomach. It involves the movement of the acid back into the food pipe. It can cause heartburn and general irritation in the esophagus. Acid reflux is a common problem with people sticking to junk foods and unhealthy lifestyles.

Whether you admit it or not, everyone has gas at some point. Your system produces gas naturally from the food that you eat and due to swallowing of air through the mouth. Ordinary people can have about 13 or 21 times per day gasses made up of mostly carbon dioxide hydrogen-oxygen in Methane gasses. In the digestive tract it is caused by the bacterias from the foods that cause gas, and one person may not have gas from the same food items as another. This is because bacteria in the body can produce significant gas.

How to administer tums?

An over-the-counter antacid called Tums can help with heartburn symptoms and acid reflux. When stomach acid runs back into the esophagus, it causes acid reflux, which results in a burning sensation in the chest and neck. Here is how Tums relieves discomfort:

Neutralizing Stomach Acid:

  • Calcium carbonate, an alkaline substance, is one of the active ingredients in Tums. The calcium carbonate in Tums reacts with the extra stomach acid as you chew or swallow them.

  • This process relieves the burning sensation by helping to neutralize the acid and lessen its damaging effects on the esophageal lining. Increasing pH: Your stomach acid has a low pH level and is very acidic.

  • Tums raise your stomach’s pH level, making it less acidic.

This change to a more alkaline environment may ease the pain brought on by acid reflux. Tums offer short-term relief from the symptoms of acid reflux. They are quick-acting and can provide relief within minutes of consumption, although the relief is typically fleeting compared to other acid reflux treatments.

What are the alternatives to tums?

  1. Another OTC product that can help alleviate gas and bloating is in the form of activated charcoal. It is a pass substance that traps and absorbs gas, eliminating it. You can buy charcoal which is in the activated form or as a supplementary capsule.

  2. If you are looking for more home remedies for getting rid of the gas apart from tums, then you can consider probiotics.

  3. Supplements that can help reduce gas and can prove that bacteria are normal in the digestive tract. You can also look at exercising which can help in and get it off the trapped gas and gas in the physical environment of the body.

  4. Exercising can also help in removing the trapped gas and air in the wind canal of the intestines and stomach.

  5. Avoid Smoking, You should not smoke while drinking through the snow. Now, smoking can be a health hazard, and smoking can also result in a year entering the system or causing gas.

Are there any side effects of taking tums?

Constipation is a typical adverse reaction to calcium carbonate-based antacids like Tums. When taken in excess, calcium can have a binding effect in the digestive tract that slows down bowel movements and causes constipation.

Diarrhea: Although less frequently, Tums may have the reverse effect and can cause diarrhea.

Excessive Calcium Intake: Taking big volumes of Tums often can lead to an excessive calcium intake. Hypercalcemia, a disorder marked by increased calcium levels in the blood, may result from this in the future.

In addition to symptoms like nausea, vomiting, and frequent urination, severe cases of hypercalcemia can also result in kidney and bone problems. When taking Tums frequently and excessively, it is more likely to happen.

Calcium carbonate: Calcium carbonate can interfere with the absorption of some medicines, including some antibiotics, thyroid medications, and specific kinds of osteoporosis therapies. In order to be sure there are no potential drug interactions, it is imperative to speak with your healthcare provider if you are taking any other prescriptions.

Also Read: 8 Easy Exercises To Help With Osteoporosis

Kidney Stones: In rare instances, consuming too much calcium from sources like Tums can cause kidney stones to form, especially in people who are already at risk for this problem.

Gas and Bloating: Although it is less often, some people who take Tums may experience gas and bloating as a side effect.

Allergic Reactions: Although uncommon, some people may be allergic to the chemicals in Tums and may develop allergic reactions like rash, irritation, swelling, or breathing difficulties. If you encounter any symptoms of a different allergic reaction, seek emergency medical attention.

Also Read: 5 Best Calcium Tablets For Women to Increase Calcium Levels


There are several terms that vary when the standard terms do not help with gas stumps. Chewing by can help with gas relief and is the only version of the daily wear gas pain in bloating. Calcium carbonate, one of the main ingredients you terms, can interact with other medications, and it can help with gas acid reflexes.

If you have acid reflux, tell your doctors if you can ask the doctor if you can have terms regularly when your over-the-counter medication can also help in living in better condition compared to different medications and home treatment like probiotics and Lifestyle changes like eating smaller portions of meals can also help.

Also Read: Does Chewing Gum Reduce Face Fat?

Frequently Asked Questions

Should one use Tums for acid refluxes?

Antacids can be one of the fastest ways of treating occasional heartburn.

How can Tums work to provide heartburn?

Tums can work in seconds to provide relief and are available in some strength and flavors.

When is the best time for tums for acid reflux?

The best time for acid reflux can be because they are most likely to get indigestion or heartburn.

What are the common side effects of tums?

Some common side effects of Tums are kidney stones and heart problems.

Can one have acid refluxes with tums?

Yes, you can have acid reflux with tums.

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How to build a habit in 5 steps, according to science | CNN

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Most of us assume those superachievers who are always able to squeeze in their workout, eat healthy foods, ace their exams and pick their kids up on time must have superhuman self-control. But science points to a different answer: What we mistake for willpower is often a hallmark of habit.

People with good habits rarely need to resist the temptation to laze on the couch, order greasy takeout, procrastinate on assignments or watch one more viral video before dashing out the door. That’s because autopilot takes over, eliminating temptation from the equation. Having established good habits, little to no willpower is required to choose wisely.

Sounds great, right? The only catch is that building good habits takes effort and insight. Thankfully, science offers both guidance on how to begin and strategies to lighten your lift. Here are a few research-backed steps sourced from my book, “How to Change,” that can set you on the path from where you are to where you want to be.

The way you define the goal you hope to turn into a habit does matter. Goals such as “meditate regularly” are too abstract, research has shown. You’ll benefit from being more specific about what exactly you aim to do and how often.

Don’t say “I’ll meditate regularly.” Say, “I’ll meditate for 15 minutes each day.”

Having a bite-size objective makes it less daunting to get started and easier to see your progress.

Now that you have established a specific goal, it’s time to think about what will cue you to follow through. Scientists have proven that you’ll make more progress toward your goal if you decide not just what you’ll do, but when you’ll be cued to do it, as well as where you’ll do it and how you’ll get there.

A plan like “I’ll study Spanish for 30 minutes, five days a week” is OK. But a detailed, cue-based plan like “Every workday after my last meeting, I’ll spend 30 minutes studying Spanish in my office” is much more likely to stick as a habit.

Making this kind of plan reduces the chances you’ll forget to follow through because the when and where in your plan will serve as cues to action that jog your memory. Even better: Put your plan on your calendar so you’ll get a digital reminder. An established, hyperspecific plan also forces you to anticipate and maneuver around obstacles and makes procrastination feel more sinful.

When we set out to build a new habit, most of us overestimate our willpower and set a course for the most efficient path to achieving our end goal. Say you hope to get fit by exercising regularly — you’ll likely look for a workout that can generate quick results such as grinding it out on a treadmill. But research has shown you’ll persist longer and ultimately achieve more if you instead focus on finding ways to make goal pursuit fun.

When it comes to exercise, this might mean going to Zumba classes with a friend or learning how to rock climb. If you’re trying to eat more fruits and vegetables, it might mean swapping doughnut breakfasts for tasty smoothies, which can combine multiple servings of fruits and veggies in one delicious drink. Because you are far more likely to stick with something you enjoy and repetition is key to habit formation, making the experience positive is critical, but it’s often overlooked.

One excellent way to make goal pursuit fun is to try what I call “temptation bundling.” Consider only letting yourself enjoy an indulgence you crave while working toward your goal. For example, only let yourself binge-watch your favorite show while at the gym or enjoy a beloved podcast while cooking healthy meals. My own research shows that temptation bundling improves follow-through; it transforms goal pursuit into a source of pleasure, not pain.

By the time we put a behavior on autopilot, a lot of us fall into fairly consistent routines, tending to exercise, study or take our medication at the same time of day and in the same place. But when you’re in the start-up phase of habit building, contrary to popular opinion, my research suggests it’s important to insert some variability deliberately into your routine.

You’ll still want to have a first best plan — maybe an 8 a.m. meditation session if you’re trying to kick-start a mindfulness habit. But you should also experiment with other ways of getting the job done. Try to mix in a noon session and maybe a 5 p.m. meditation, too.

Successful habit building relies on frequently repeating a behavior, and if your routine becomes too brittle, you’ll follow through less often. A flexible habit means you can still do what you need to even when a wrench is thrown in your first best plans — say, a traffic jam on the way to dropping the kids off at school that gets in the way of your morning meditation.

One way to be flexible that’s proven useful is by giving yourself “emergency reserves.” Emergency reserves are a limited number of get-out-of-jail-free cards for those days when you really can’t squeeze in your 10 minutes of meditation, regular jog or Spanish practice.

It’s more motivating to set a tough goal for yourself — meditating every day, for instance — than an easy one, according to research. But missing multiple subgoals along the way can be discouraging. A couple of emergency reserves each week give you the flexibility to miss a day when a real emergency arises without getting discouraged and abandoning your objective entirely.

This step is obvious but sometimes overlooked. Seek out social support. Social support isn’t just about having cheerleaders and people to hold you accountable — though both can add value, so I’d suggest telling your friends and family about your goals.

We’re strongly influenced by the behaviors of the people around us, evidence shows. Want to start running regularly? You’re probably better off joining an established running club than asking a few friends who aren’t yet in the habit of jogging to get in shape with you. People in the running club have already built the habits you want. You can learn from them about what works and gain friends who will make you feel like a slouch when you slack off.

Good habits are contagious, so try to catch some by hanging out with people who are a little ahead of you on the learning curve. It’s important not to get too crazy — if you try to train with marathoners when you’re just hoping to work up to a 5K, I’ve found it can be discouraging.

But in general, research by myself and others shows that finding people to socialize with and emulating those who have already accomplished what you want to accomplish can make a world of difference. As an added bonus, when you pursue your goals in tandem with people you like, that makes it more fun!

One last thing to keep in mind is that habits can take some time to form. They don’t click overnight. Despite claims that there’s a “magic number” of days it takes to form a habit, my collaborators and I have disproven this myth in our recent research. We all form habits at our own speed, but for simpler and frequently repeated behaviors such as hand sanitizing, we can expect speedier habit formation than for more complex behaviors such as hitting the gym, which, on average, can take months rather than weeks to put on autopilot.

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